Abdominal hernia

Dr Henry Knipe and A.Prof Frank Gaillard et al.

Abdominal hernias (herniae also used) may be congenital or acquired and come with varying eponyms. They are distinguished primarily based on location and content. 75-80% of all hernias are inguinal.

Content of the hernia is variable, and may include:

Complications predominantly relate to bowel incarceration, strangulation, and intestinal obstruction. Large diaphragmatic hernias in infancy may be complicated by pulmonary hypoplasia.

Classification
  1. external herniation
    • ventral: anterior and lateral abdominal hernias
    • dorsal
    • groin: most common
  2. diaphragmatic herniation
  3. internal herniation
Subclassification
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Article information

rID: 827
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Abdominal hernias
  • Abdominal wall hernias
  • Abdominal wall hernia
  • Abdominal herniation
  • Abdominal wall herniation
  • Ventral hernia
  • Ventral herniation
  • Abdominal herniae
  • Ventral hernias

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Cases and figures

  • Coronal CT

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    Case 1: indirect inguinal hernia
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  • Case 2: bilateral direct inguinal herniation
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  • Case 3: femoral hernia
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  • Case 4: obturator hernia
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  • Case 5: incisional hernia
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  • Case 6: Spigelian hernia
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  • Incisional Hernia...
    Case 7: incisional hernia : on ulltrasound
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  • Umbilical hernia ...
    Case 8: umbilical hernia : on ultrasound
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  • Case 9: Richter hernia
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  • Case 10: sliding hiatal hernia
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  • Case 11: hiatal and morgagni hernias
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  • Case 12: para-esophageal hiatal hernia
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  • Case 13: Maydl hernia
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  • Case 14: pantaloon hernia
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  • Case 15: posterior rectus sheath hernia
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  • Case 16: port site hernia
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  • Case 17: indirect Amyand hernia
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  • Case 18: ventral hernia
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