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Revision 2 for 'Abdominal x-ray review: artifacts/external'

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Abdominal x-ray artifacts (summary)

Abdominal x-ray review is a key competency for medical students, junior doctors and other allied health professionals. Using ABDO X is a helpful and systematic method for abdominal x-ray review, where X refers to the assessment of external objects and artifacts.

Reference article

This is a summary article; we do not have a more in-depth reference article.


  • introduction
    • numerous different types of foreign bodies and artifacts, both medical and non-medical, can be seen on an abdominal radiograph
  • procedure
    • identify any artifacts or foreign bodies on the radiograph
    • correlate the finding with the clinical history provided, or seek further clarification from the referrer to help identify the object
    • try to localize the object to the abdominal wall or within the abdominal cavity
    • many objects are placed iatrogenically, some are the result of misadventure

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