Aberrant right subclavian artery

Aberrant right subclavian arteries (ARSA), also known as arteria lusoria, are the commonest of the aortic arch anomalies 2

The estimated incidence is 0.5-2%.

They are often asymptomatic, but around 10% of people may complain of tracheo-esophageal symptoms, almost always as dysphagia, termed dysphagia lusoria 3.

Instead of being the first branch (with the right common carotid as the brachiocephalic artery), it arises on its own as the fourth branch, distal to the left subclavian artery. It then hooks back to reach the right side with its relationship to the esophagus variable:

  • 80% posterior to esophagus
  • 15% between esophagus and trachea
  • 5% anterior to the trachea
  • as can be expected from the embryological development of the artery, the right recurrent laryngeal nerve is usually non-recurrent (that is, enters the larynx directly)
  • aneurysmal dilatation (aberrant subclavian arterial aneurysms) of the proximal portion of an aberrant right subclavian artery can occur, a pouch-like aneurysmal dilatation is called a diverticulum of Kommerell
  • if there is a retro-esophageal course
    • it can get compressed between the esophagus and the vertebra
    • the incidence of stenosis/occlusion in this segment is higher
  • it can be associated with trisomy 21 5, trisomy 18 and other chromosomal defects

An upper GI contrast study will demonstrate displacement of the contrast-filled esophagus. This displacement by the aberrant vessels produces the so-called bayonet deformity of aberrant right subclavian artery.

CT or MRI now usually accomplishes the definitive diagnosis. Both modalities can demonstrate the aberrant branch arising from the distal left aortic arch and coursing as the right subclavian artery.

 

Anatomy: Thoracic
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Article information

rID: 831
System: Vascular, Chest
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA)
  • ARSA
  • Arteria lusoria

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: diagram and embryology
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  • Case 1: with dysphagia lusoria
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  • Case 2
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  • Case 3
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  • Case 4
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  • Case 5
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  • Case 6
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  • Case 7
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  • Fig. 2

AP MIP
    Case 8
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  • Case 9: with complicating aneurysmal dilatation
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  • Case 10
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  • Case 11
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  • Case 12: with vascular stent
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  • aberrant right su...
    Case 13
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  • Case 14
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  • Case 15: with dysphagia lusoria
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  • Case 16: Barium swallow
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  • Case 17
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  • Case 18
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  • Case 19
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  • Contrast chest CT...
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  • Case 21
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  • Case 22
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