Adhesive atelectasis refers to the specific form of lung atelectasis that occurs due to the decrease or absence of pulmonary surfactant produced by type II pneumocytes. Without sufficient surfactant the alveoli collapse due to increased surface tension. It is most commonly seen in the neonate with RDS.
Diffuse surfactant deficiency
- respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn: surfactant deficiency
- hyaline membrane disease
- smoke inhalation
- prolonged shallow breaths
- post operative i.e cardiac bypass surgery