Albert Salomon (1883-1976), a German surgeon, was the first physician to study x-rays of breast tissue.
to be completed
Development of mammography
Salomon worked at the Royal Surgical University Clinic in Berlin and from about 1913 x-rayed 3000 breast specimens obtained from the morgue in an attempt to identify breast pathology. He demonstrated tumor spread to axillary lymph nodes by using x-rays and was also the first person to associate microcalcifications with breast cancer.
Salomon published Beitrage zur pathologie und klinik der mammakarzinome (Contributions to the pathology and clinic of breast cancers) in 1913 1 describing that “Roentgen photographs of excised breast specimens give a demonstrable overview of the form and spread of cancerous tumors”. Salomon postulated on his findings that there were different types of breast cancer. After 1913 there was no new mammography literature published until Kleinschmidt wrote his article in 1927 2.
Salomon worked as a physician with German forces in World War One. He married his first wife Franziska Grunwald, a nursing sister and they had one child. Grunwald committed suicide in the winter of 1925. Salomon lost his appointment at the university hospital in 1933 after the Nazis came to power in Germany and Hitler was named German chancellor in January 1933. After 1933 Salomon worked at the Jewish hospital in Berlin.
Salomon was interned in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1938 after Kristallnacht on 9th and 10th November 1938. After his release, the family left Germany.
Salomon was the father of the artist Charlotte Salomon (1917-1943) who became a victim of the Holocaust. After the family left Germany she was sent to stay with her grandparents in the south of France. Salomon and his second wife Paula (well-known opera singer Paula Lindberg) moved to Amsterdam. In May 1940 Charlotte and her grandfather were sent to the concentration camp at Gurs by the Vichy government. She died in Auschwitz aged 26. Charlotte’s work survived the war and she has posthumously become a renowned artist.
Albert and Paula Saloman lived out the war by hiding in the Netherlands. After the war Saloman resumed working as a physician in Amsterdam.
A collection of writings is entitled 'Vortage und Artikel' (lectures and articles) 1950-1967, in which Salomon writes about a wide range of subjects including religion and philosophy.
- 1. Salomon A. Betrage zur pathologie und clinic der mammkarzinome. Arch kiln Chir 1913; 101; 573-668.
- 2. Kleinschmidt O. Brustdruse. In: Zweife P, Payer E, Hirzel S, eds. Die klinik der borsartigen geschwulste. Leipsig: Von Hirzel, 1927; 5-90.
- 3. Thomas AMK, Banerjee AK. The History of Radiology. (2013) ISBN: 9780199639977
- 4. Gold RH, Bassett LW, Widoff BE. Highlights from the history of mammography. (1990) Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc. 10 (6): 1111-31. doi:10.1148/radiographics.10.6.2259767 - Pubmed
- 5. Picard JD. [History of mammography]. (1998) Bulletin de l'Academie nationale de medecine. 182 (8): 1613-20. Pubmed
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- key milestones
- 1895: Wilhelm Roentgen detects x-rays
- 1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
- 1896: Sydney Rowland founds the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- 1896: Thomas Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope
- 1898: Marie Curie publishes her paper 'Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds'
- 1913: Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography
- 1927: Egas Moniz develops cerebral angiography
- 1934: Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie artificially produce radioisotopes
- 1936: John Lawrence uses phosphorus-32 to treat leukemia
- 1939: Kitty Clark publishes Clark’s Positioning in Radiography
- 1950s: David Kuhl invents Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
- 1953: Sven-Ivar Seldinger develops his famous technique
- 1957: Ian Donald invents fetal ultrasound
- 1964: Charles Dotter introduces image-guided intervention
- 1965: Benjamin Felson publishes his Principles of Chest Roentgenology
- 1972: Godfrey Hounsfield introduces the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan Cormack)
- 1977: Ray Damadian builds the first commercial MRI scanner
- 2005: Frank Gaillard creates Radiopaedia.org :)
- 2012: inaugural International Day of Radiology
key figures in the history of radiology
- Antoine Henri Becquerel
- Kathleen "Kitty" Clark
- Allan M Cormack
- Marie Curie
- Ray V Damadian
- Ian Donald
- Charles T Dotter
- Thomas A Edison
- Charles Thurstan Holland
- Godfrey N Hounsfield
- Frederick Joliot
- Irene Joliot-Curie
- David E Kuhl
- Paul C Lauterbur
- Peter Mansfield
- Egas Moniz
- Wilhelm C Roentgen
- Sven-Ivar Seldinger
- Albert Soiland
- Florence Stoney
- important figures in the history of radiology
- Nobel Prize winners in radiology
- history of modalities
- plain radiography
- nuclear medicine
- interventional radiology
- history of radiology journals
- history of radiology organizations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- pioneering radiology books