Broad ligament

Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Owen Kang et al.

The broad ligament is the lateral folds of the parietal peritoneum which reflect over the upper genital tract.

The broad ligament extends from the lateral aspect of the uterus to the lateral pelvic wall and can be divided into three main components - the mesosalpinx, mesovarium and mesometrium.

  • mesosalpinx
    • superiorly: uterine tube
    • superolaterally: suspensory ligament of the ovary
    • posteroinferiorly: mesovarium
    • medially: ovarian ligament
  • mesometrium: drape-like largest portion of the broad ligament
    • extends from the pelvic floor to the uterine body and ovarian ligament

The contents of the broad ligament include:

  • adnexa
  • blood vessels
  • ligaments
    • ovarian ligament
    • suspensory ligament of the ovary
    • round ligament of uterus
  • other
    • vestigial remnants of the mesonephric tubules

A useful mnemonic to remember the contents can be found here.

  • congenital absence of the broad ligament
  • internal herniation
  • tumors of the broad ligament: usually leiomyoma
Anatomy: abdominopelvic
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Article information

rID: 49680
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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