Cavitating pulmonary metastases

Cavitating pulmonary metastases refer to pulmonary metastases which then tend to cavitate. The term is similar but may not be identical to cystic pulmonary metastases in which the wall of the former may be thicker.

Cavitation is thought to occur in around 4% of lung metastases 2.

Cavitary pulmonary metastases are most commonly (70%) caused by squamous cell carcinoma, which may of the lung or head and neck 1,4,6. Other primaries are varied and include:

Cavitating pulmonary metastases have also been reported to develop after chemotherapy, thought to be secondary to tumor necrosis or a valve-effect on an adjacent bronchi 4,5

One particular complication that can occur includes the formation of a pneumothorax or a hemopneumothorax.

For multiple cavitating lung lesions (nodules or masses) on imaging consider:

Chest
Share article

Article information

rID: 21777
System: Chest
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Cavitating pulmonary metastasis
  • Cavitatory pulmonary metastases
  • Cavitatory pulmonary metastasis
  • Cavitatory lung metastasis
  • Cavitatory lung metastases
  • Cavitating lung metastasis
  • Cavitating lung metastases

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: gross pathology
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 1: likely cavitatory metastases
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 2: from squamous cell carcinoma of floor of mouth
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 3: from rectal adenocarcinoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Case 4: melanoma
    Drag here to reorder.
  • Updating… Please wait.

     Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

     Thank you for updating your details.