Charles T Dotter (1920-1985) is often considered the father of interventional radiology who in 1964 performed the very first peripheral angioplasty, and made many other major contributions in this field.
Charles Theodore Dotter was born in Boston on 14th June 1920. He graduated with a BA from Duke University in 1941 and then studied medicine at Cornell Medical College in New York City. He married Pamela Battie, a nurse at New York Hospital in 1944.
On January 16th 1964, Dotter performed the world's first transluminal percutaneous angioplasty. Laura Shaw was an 82-year old woman who had repeatedly refused amputations for a gangrenous foot. Dotter diagnosed superficial femoral artery stenosis on angiography and used a dilator catheter he had been developing to dilate the vessel. There was rapid improvement of her leg pain and the gangrenous ulcer completely healed. Shaw lived for another three years after this groundbreaking procedure.
He was appointed Professor of Radiology, at the early age of 32 years, at Oregon University, USA. It is said that he is the youngest individual to ever be appointed a Chair of an academic radiology department in the United States 3.
He was a prolific researcher and published over 300 papers, over half as first author. Melvin Judkins, his co-author on his classic paper was his trainee and went on to become one of the twentieth century's great cardiac angiographers.
Dotter was a polymath with an interest in music, painting, photography, flying and mountain climbing. In 1962 he was one of the earliest to write a paper on cardiac resuscitation.
He died from respiratory failure on 15th February 1985 4.
- Gold medal from the American College of Radiology
- Gold medal from the Radiological Society of North America
- Gold medal from the Chicago Medical and Radiological Societies
- nominated for the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1978
- vascular interventional radiology
- The Dotter Institute, recently renamed the Charles T. Dotter Department of Interventional Radiology, at OHSU (Oregon Health Sciences University).
- 1. Charles T Dotter, Melvin P Judkins. Transluminal Treatment of Arteriosclerotic Obstruction. (1964) Circulation. 30 (5): 654. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.30.5.654 - Pubmed
- 2. Adrian M. K. Thomas, Arpan K. Banerjee. The History of Radiology. (2013) ISBN: 9780199639977
- 3. Adrian M. K. Thomas, Arpan K. Banerjee, Uwe Busch. Classic Papers in Modern Diagnostic Radiology. (2004) ISBN: 9783540219279
- 4. Friedman SG. Charles Dotter and the fiftieth anniversary of endovascular surgery. (2015) Journal of vascular surgery. 61 (2): 556-8. doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2014.09.012 - Pubmed
- 5. Payne MM. Charles Theodore Dotter. The father of intervention. (2001) Texas Heart Institute journal. 28 (1): 28-38. Pubmed
Related Radiopaedia articles
History of radiology
- key milestones
- 1895: Wilhelm Roentgen detects x-rays
- 1896: Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity
- 1896: Sydney Rowland founds the first radiology journal, Archives of Clinical Skiagraphy
- 1896: Thomas Edison invents the first commercially-available fluoroscope
- 1898: Marie Curie publishes her paper 'Rays emitted by uranium and thorium compounds'
- 1913: Albert Salomon commences research leading to mammography
- 1927: Egas Moniz develops cerebral angiography
- 1934: Frederic and Irene Joliot-Curie artificially produce radioisotopes
- 1936: John Lawrence uses phosphorus-32 to treat leukemia
- 1939: Kitty Clark publishes Clark’s Positioning in Radiography
- 1950s: David Kuhl invents Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
- 1953: Sven-Ivar Seldinger develops his famous technique
- 1957: Ian Donald invents fetal ultrasound
- 1964: Charles Dotter introduces image-guided intervention
- 1965: Benjamin Felson publishes his Principles of Chest Roentgenology
- 1972: Godfrey Hounsfield introduces the CT scanner (co-developed with Allan Cormack)
- 1977: Ray Damadian builds the first commercial MRI scanner
- 2005: Frank Gaillard creates Radiopaedia.org :)
- 2012: inaugural International Day of Radiology
key figures in the history of radiology
- Antoine Henri Becquerel
- Kathleen "Kitty" Clark
- Allan M Cormack
- Marie Curie
- Ray V Damadian
- Ian Donald
- Charles T Dotter
- Thomas A Edison
- Charles Thurstan Holland
- Godfrey N Hounsfield
- Frederick Joliot
- Irene Joliot-Curie
- David E Kuhl
- Paul C Lauterbur
- Peter Mansfield
- Egas Moniz
- Wilhelm C Roentgen
- Sven-Ivar Seldinger
- Albert Soiland
- Florence Stoney
- important figures in the history of radiology
- Nobel Prize winners in radiology
- history of modalities
- plain radiography
- nuclear medicine
- interventional radiology
- history of radiology journals
- history of radiology organizations
- United Kingdom
- United States
- pioneering radiology books