Common femoral artery

The common femoral artery (CFA) is the continuation of the external iliac artery (EIA) at the level of the inguinal ligament. As well as supplying oxygenated blood to the leg, it gives off smaller branches to the anterior abdominal wall. The artery lies medial to the midpoint of the inguinal ligament, halfway between the anterior superior iliac spine and pubic tubercle. The femoral vein lies medially and both emerge within the femoral sheath. Lateral but outside the sheath is the femoral nerve. The common femoral artery continues as the superficial femoral artery following the branching of the profunda femoris artery. The superficial femoral artery ends as it passes through the adductor hiatus in adductor magnus to become the popliteal artery.


Anatomy: Lower limb
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Article information

rID: 24867
System: Vascular
Section: Anatomy
Tag: artery
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Femoral arteries (FAs)
  • Common femoral arteries (CFAs)
  • Femoral artery (FA)
  • CFA
  • Common femoral artery (CFA)

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