Revision 12 for 'CT KUB'

All Revisions - View changeset


Computed tomography of kidneys, ureters and bladder (CT KUB) is a quick non-invasive technique for diagnosis of urolithiasis. It is usually considered the initial imaging modality for suspected urolithiasis in an emergency setting 1.

NB: This article is intended to outline some general principles of protocol design. The specifics will vary depending on CT hardware and software, radiologists' and referrers' preference, institutional protocols, patient factors (e.g. allergy) and time constraints. 

  • suspected urolithiasis 
  • hematuria 
  • flank pain
  • patient position
    • supine with their arms above their head
  • scout 
    • above the diaphragm to the below pubic symphysis 
  • scan extent 
    • above kidneys to below pubic symphysis 
  • scan direction
    • caudocranial
  • contrast injection considerations
    • non-contrast
  • scan delay
    • minimal scan delay
  • respiration phase
    • inspiration 

Practical points

  • prone has the advantage of assessing stones near the VUJ which may have just passed
  • some institutions may perform a limited pelvic scan in prone if the supine scan shows a calculus near the VUJ
  • stone composition assessment can be done with dual energy CT


  • identification of calcified renal tract calculi size and position
  • assessment of the sequelae of calculi
    • obstruction
    • infection
  • assessment of other causes of flank pain if negative for calculus disease
  • presence of further calculi at risk of obstructing

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.