Double inlet left ventricle

Andrew Murphy and Dr David Carroll et al.

Double inlet left ventricle (DILV) describes a congenital cardiac anomaly in which both atrioventricular valves are associated with a single ventricle which demonstrates left ventricular morphology.

Epidemiology

This uncommon entity constituents 1% of all congenital cardiac anomalies, and is one of the more common variants of a univentricular heart 1

Associations

Pathology

Features include a single, dominant ventricle with an elliptical shape, smooth septal endocardium lacking associated papillary muscles, defining left ventricular morphology 3. Atrioventricular valves may lack sufficient anatomical features to define their morphology in mitral/tricuspid valves, and are commonly stenotic or hypoplastic. A rudimentary outflow chamber (right ventricle) may be identified at the cardiac base. The location of the septum may be left/anterior, defining the L-loop orientation, or right/anterior defining the less common D-loop orientation. Further classification is based upon the relation of the great arteries 1:

  • type I
    • normal arterial relations
  • type II
    • rightward/anterior aortic location
  • type III
    • leftward/anterior aortic location
  • type IV
    • leftward/posterior aortic location

Article information

rID: 81928
System: Cardiac
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • DILV

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