Ductus venosus

Ductus venosus (DV) is a narrow, trumpet-shaped vessel which is seen in the fetal liver connecting the umbilical vein directly to the caudal inferior vena cava. The vessel plays a critical role in the fetal circulation by shunting oxygenated and nutrient-rich umbilical venous blood from the placenta to the brain and myocardium, bypassing the fetal liver.

History and etymology

It was first described by anatomist Giulio Cesare Aranzio in the sixteenth century. 

See also 

Anatomy: Abdominopelvic

Anatomy: Abdominopelvic

Article information

rID: 43755
Section: Anatomy
Tag: stubs, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Venous duct
  • Ductus Arantii
  • Ductus venosus (DV)

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Cases and figures

  • Figure 1: fetal circulation
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  • Figure 2: fetal circulation (diagram)
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