Endocrine venous sampling
Endocrine venous sampling is a set of similar interventional techniques proposed for the specific diagnosis of some endocrine disorders such as:
- inferior petrosal sinus sampling
- selective venous sampling for primary hyperparathyroidism
- preoperative localization of functioning parathyroid adenoma which cannot be localized by imaging
- arterial stimulation and selective venous sampling for pancreatic endocrine tumors
- used for preoperative localization of pancreatic endocrine tumors (gastrinoma, insulinoma, VIPoma, glucagonoma, somatostatinoma and pancreatic polypeptide-producing tumor)
adrenal venous sampling
- used for identification of primary aldosteronism (Conn syndrome or bilateral idiopathic adrenal hyperplasia).
- ovarian venous sampling
- used to stablish the source of excessive androgen production in women when imaging studies are not revealing 3
Renal vein sampling (renin sampling) was used for the determination of renal artery stenosis as cause of hypertension (renovascular hypertension), now infrequently performed 1.
- 1. Walker TG. Interventional Procedures. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. (2012) ISBN:1931884862. Read it at Google Books - Find it at Amazon
- 2. Lau JH, Drake W, Matson M. The current role of venous sampling in the localization of endocrine disease. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2007;30 (4): 555-70. doi:10.1007/s00270-007-9028-3 - Pubmed citation
- 3. Levens ED, Whitcomb BW, Csokmay JM et-al. Selective venous sampling for androgen-producing ovarian pathology. Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf). 2009;70 (4): 606-14. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2265.2008.03389.x - Free text at pubmed - Pubmed citation