Enthesophytes

Dr Craig Hacking et al.

Enthesophytes (or enthesiophytes) are bony proliferations (spurs) that develop at an enthesis, that is at the attachment of a ligament, tendon or articular capsule onto bone. They are oriented along the direction of pull and develop in response to repetitive mechanical stress or a more generalized inflammatory condition.

They may be mistaken for osteophytes and are seen more commonly in patients that have may or large osteophytes (bone-formers) 4.

  • syndesmophyte: paravertebral ossifications that run parallel with the spine c.f. osteophytes which typically protrude perpendicular to the spine
  • osteophyte: located at the margin of a degenerative synovial joint
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Article information

rID: 66261
Section: Pathology
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • enthesiophyte
  • enthesiophytes
  • enthesophyte

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