Gastrocnemius muscle

The gastrocnemius muscle is one of the calf muscles (triceps surae) in the superficial posterior compartment of the leg which sits superficial to the much larger soleus muscle. It gives the calf its distinctive two-headed appearance and is a primary plantar flexor.

  • absence
    • of entire muscle
    • of lateral head
  • third head arising from popliteal surface of femur
  • sesamoid bone in lateral head (fabella)
Anatomy: Lower limb
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Article information

rID: 6024
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Gastrocnemius

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