Citation, DOI & article data
Gastrointestinal (GI) stents are increasingly used to treat obstruction of the GI tract, most commonly due to malignancy.
Types of stent
History and etymology
Somewhat surprisingly the word 'stent' is actually an eponym, originally named after Charles Stent (1807-1885), a largely-forgotten British dentist. He invented an improved material for forming dental impressions, and set up a company to manufacture it 3,4. During the Great War, J F Esser, a Dutch surgeon used a mold of Stent's Compound as a fixative for skin grafting in injured infantrymen. This innovative use, was rapidly adopted into practice, and stenting as a concept rapidly segued into multiple specialties 4.
- 1. Kim E & Kim Y. Stents for Colorectal Obstruction: Past, Present, and Future. World J Gastroenterol. 2016;22(2):842-52. doi:10.3748/wjg.v22.i2.842 - Pubmed
- 2. Loffeld R & Dekkers P. Palliative Stenting of the Digestive Tract: A Case Series of a Single Centre. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2013;4(1):14-9. doi:10.3978/j.issn.2078-6891.2012.045 - Pubmed
- 3. Ambekar S & Nanda A. Charles Stent and the Mystery Behind the Word "Stent". J Neurosurg. 2013;119(3):774-7. doi:10.3171/2013.3.JNS122112 - Pubmed
- 4. Hedin M. The Origin of the Word stent. Acta Radiol. 1997;38(6):937-9. doi:10.1080/02841859709172106 - Pubmed