Gravity dependent atelectasis

Dr Craig Hacking et al.

Gravity dependent atelectasis refers to a form of lung atelectasis which occurs in the dependent portions of the lungs due to a combination of reduced alveolar volume and increased perfusion. Being due to gravity, it usually has a dependent and subpleural distribution. It is very commonly seen in the posterior lung bases on CT, particularly in elderly individuals.

In normal lung, gravity gradients exist in end-inspiration between the apex and lung base of 4:1 in the erect patient and between the anterior and posterior lung of 2.5:1 in the supine patient 1. These gradients increase in the presence of lung disease that increases the weight of the lung causing atelectasis.

Etiology

  • bed-ridden patients
  • patients with prolonged shallow breathing
  • impaired mucociliary clearance
  • pneumonia
  • pulmonary edema
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Article information

rID: 66464
System: Chest
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • dependant atelectasis

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