Dr Craig Hacking and Dr Henry Knipe et al.

Hemopericardium refers to the presence of blood within the pericardial cavity, i.e. a sanguineous pericardial effusion. If enough blood enters the pericardial cavity, then a potentially fatal cardiac tamponade can occur. 

There is a very long list of causes 1,4 but some of the more common are:

  • pericardial effusion with a density >35 HU 2 or that of water 4,5
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Article information

rID: 39767
System: Cardiac
Section: Gamuts
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Haemorrhagic pericardial effusion
  • Haemopericardiums
  • Hemopericardiums
  • Hemopericardium

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: from aortic dissection
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  • Case 2: from aortic dissection
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  • Case 3: left ventricular pseudoaneurysm
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  • Case 4: post-thrombolysis
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  • Case 5: penetrating trauma, Oreo cookie sign
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