Hemimedullary syndrome

Hemimedullary syndrome, also known as Reinhold syndrome, occurs as a result of the occlusion of the ipsilateral vertebral artery proximal to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery and its anterior spinal artery branches 1-3. This situation causes lateral medullary infarct and medial medullary infarct simultaneously 1-3.

Terminology

In many texts this syndrome is incorrectly named Babinski-Nageotte syndrome, however, this is a very similar yet clinically distinct syndrome 3.

History and etymology

The syndrome was first described by Heinrich Reinhold, a German physician, in 1894 4.

Stroke and intracranial haemorrhage
Share article

Article information

rID: 32272
Section: Syndromes
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Hemimedullary infarction syndrome
  • Reinhold's syndrome
  • Reinhold syndrome

Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.