Lyme disease, also known as Borreliosis, is an infectious vector-borne condition caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and endemic in some areas of the northern hemisphere.
Three disease stages have been proposed manifesting after the tick bite 2:
- stage 1: flu-like illness and enlarging skin lesion (2-30 days)
- stage 2: cardiac and neurological symptoms (1-4 months)
- stage 3: arthritis and neurological symptoms (many years)
Lyme disease has nonspecific symptoms with multisystemic involvement 1,2:
- neurological symptoms: peripheral neuropathy, radiculoneuropathy, myelopathy, encephalitis, meningitis
Treatment and prognosis
Treatment is based with antibiotics depending on the stage of the disease and its severity.