Revision 3 for 'Lyme disease'

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Lyme disease

Lyme disease, also known as Borreliosis, is an infectious vector-borne condition caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi and endemic in some areas of the northern hemisphere.

Clinical presentation

Three disease stages have been proposed manifesting after the tick bite 2:

  • stage 1: flu-like illness and enlarging skin lesion (2-30 days)
  • stage 2: cardiac and neurological symptoms (1-4 months)
  • stage 3: arthritis and neurological symptoms (many years)

Lyme disease has nonspecific symptoms with multisystemic involvement 1,2:

  • neurological symptoms: peripheral neuropathy, radiculoneuropathy, myelopathy, encephalitis, meningitis

Treatment and prognosis

Treatment is based with antibiotics depending on the stage of the disease and its severity. 

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