Esophageal stent

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Ian Bickle et al.

Esophageal stents are a treatment option in patients with esophageal strictures. It is most commonly used for symptomatic relief in those with dysphagia secondary to malignancy. The stent is typically covered in nature and inserted endoscopically or fluoroscopically. The distal esophagus is the most common site. Most stents inserted are self expandable.

Procedure

There are several types of stents, which include self expandable stents:

  • ultraflex stent
  • wall stent
  • Z stent

Complications

Problems associated with stents include:

  • pain
  • bleeding: a small amount of hematemesis can be common especially with self expandable metal stents 2
  • stent slippage/migration
  • tumor overgrowth
  • esophageal perforation (rarely)
Oesophageal pathology
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Article information

rID: 33474
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Esophageal stents
  • Oesophageal stents
  • Esophageal stent

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