Palatine tonsil

Dr Mostafa El-Feky and Dr Owen Kang et al.

The palatine tonsils, (also known as the faucial tonsils or simply "the tonsils") are a bilateral collection of lymphoid tissue in the pharyngeal mucosa. They form part of Waldeyer's ring.

It is often described to have two borders, two poles and two surfaces:

  • anterior and posterior borders (described in relations below)
  • upper and lower poles: extending to the soft palate and dorsum of the tongue respectively
  • medial and lateral surfaces (described in relations below)
  • lymph nodes: deep cervical group
    • jugulodigastric nodes: inferior to the angle of the mandible

Consists of:

  • non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium
  • incompletely encapsulated
  • long-branched tonsillar crypts: e.g. intratonsillar cleft
Anatomy: Head and neck

Anatomy: Head and neck

Article information

rID: 49879
System: Head & Neck
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Faucial tonsils
  • Faucial tonsil
  • Tonsils
  • Palatine tonsil

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: adenoidal and palatine tonsil enlargement
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  • Case 2: adenoidal and palatine tonsil enlargement
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