Parasympathetic ganglia in the head and neck

The parasympathetic ganglia are a group of 4 bilateral automonic ganglia in the head and neck which receive parasympathetic fibers from the autonomic components of the cranial nerves III, VII and IX. They are involved in parasympathetic control of the eye, major and lesser salivary glands and the lacrimal glands, and consist of the:

Each ganglia has a typical structure with 3 roots, each carrying different fibers which may or may not synapse in the ganglion itself. The 3 roots are:

  • parasympathetic
  • sympathetic (usually vasomotor)
  • sensory 
Anatomy: Head and neck

Anatomy: Head and neck

Article information

rID: 52203
System: Head & Neck
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Parasympathetic ganglion

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