Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

Dr Daniel J Bell and Dr Ian Bickle et al.

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a procedure where a is a flexible feeding tube (commonly known as a PEG tube) is inserted through the abdominal wall and into the stomach. This may be placed under endoscopic or radiological guidance, in the latter, the procedure may be known as a percutaneous radiological gastrostomy (PRG) or radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG).

A PEG tube permits nutrition, fluids and/or medications to be placed directly into the stomach, bypassing the mouth and esophagus. This is typically performed when a patient is either unable to, or it is unsafe for them to, consume nutrition orally.

On occasion it is necessary to image for complications of PEG tubes - either immediately after insertion or when long standing. The typical clinical problem relates to concerns over displacement, including buried bumper syndrome.

Occasionally contrast will be injected via the PEG to determine its position, a so-called PEGogram.

History and etymology

PEG was originally co-developed by two Americans, pediatric surgeon, Michael Gauderer, and endoscopic surgeon Jeffrey L Ponsky, both of whom worked at the Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. The first PEG was performed in 1979 3.

See also

Interventional procedures
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Article information

rID: 42746
Tag: stub, refs
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • PEGogram
  • PEG tube
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG)

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Cases and figures

  • Case 1: normal appearance
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  • Case 2: migrated PEG with free gas
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  • Case 3: pneumoperitoneum after failed insertion
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  • Case 4: normal fluoroscopic appearance
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  • Case 5: normal on CT
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  • Case 6: colon perforation
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