Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (or periapical cemental dysplasia) is a subtype of cemento-osseous dysplasia.
There may be an increased female predilection.
It is represented as a benign lesion arising from undifferentiated cells of the periodontal ligament tissues.
It occurs most commonly in the anterior mandible.
OPG / CB (cone beam) CT
A wide spectrum of radiographic appearances have been described in previous reports.
Early-stage lesions: commonly present as periapical radiolucent defects that subsequently developed minute radiopacities.
Later stage lesions: minute radiopacities tend to enlarged, coalesce and undergo further substantial radiopacification; the radiopacities could consist of dense, cementum-like structures and/or areas with a ground-glass appearance with surrounding radiolucent peripheries 3.
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