Periapical cemental dysplasia

Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia, or periapical cemental dysplasia, is a subtype of cemento-osseous dysplasia.

There may be an increased female predilection.

It is represented as a benign lesion arising from undifferentiated cells of the periodontal ligament tissues.

It occurs most commonly in the anterior mandible. 

A wide spectrum of radiographic appearances has been described in previous reports.

  • early-stage lesions: commonly present as periapical radiolucent defects that subsequently developed minute radiopacities
  • later stage lesions: minute radiopacities tend to enlarge, coalesce, and undergo further substantial radiopacification; the radiopacities could consist of dense, cementum-like structures and/or areas with a ground-glass appearance with surrounding radiolucent peripheries 3
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Article information

rID: 61461
System: Head & Neck
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Periapical cemental dysplasia
  • Periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia (PCOD)
  • Periapical cemental dysplasia (PCD)

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