Preduodenal portal vein

Preduodenal portal vein (PDPV) is a rare congenital vascular disorder resulting in the portal vein main trunk passing anteriorly to the duodenum 1.

The precise etiology is unknown, however, it is thought to occur due to incorrect formation of the foetal vitelline veins 2

Preduodenal portal vein is often part of a heterotaxy syndrome or polysplenia syndrome or associated with 3:

In approximately 50% of patients, PDPV was found incidentally through laparotomy or imaging for other reasons. If patients have symptoms, they are generally pediatric and present with symptoms of duodenal obstruction 4

On CT with contrast, the main truck of the portal vein is seen tracking anterior to the duodenum. 

Treatment of PDPV induced duodenal obstruction is through bypass surgery, either with gastroduodenostomy or duodenoduodenostomy 5

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Article information

rID: 67603
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • PDPV

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