Pulmonary complications of cirrhosis
There are several pulmonary complications that can arise in the setting of cirrhosis.
- hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS): considered the commonest
- portopulmonary hypertension (POPH)
- hepatic hydrothorax (HH)
The development of portal hypertension is fundamental in the pathogenesis of each of these disorders.
Dyspnea and arterial hypoxemia are the most common symptoms