Pulmonary complications of cirrhosis
There are several pulmonary complications that can arise in the setting of cirrhosis.
- hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS): considered the commonest
- portopulmonary hypertension (POPH)
- hepatic hydrothorax (HH)
The development of portal hypertension is fundamental in the pathogenesis of each of these disorders. For detailed pathology, refer to specific sub articles.
Dyspnea and arterial hypoxemia are the most common symptoms.
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