Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the cervix is the most common histological subtype of cervical cancer and accounts for 80-90% of cases.
Most cervical squamous cell carcinomas grow at the squamocolumnar junction (SCJ). In younger women, the SCJ is located outside the external uterine os, and the tumor tends to grow outward (exophytic growth pattern). In elderly patients, the SCJ is located within the cervical canal and the cancer tends to grow inward along the cervical canal (endophytic growth pattern).
- 1. Okamoto Y, Tanaka YO, Nishida M et-al. MR imaging of the uterine cervix: imaging-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 23 (2): 425-45. doi:10.1148/rg.232025065 - Pubmed citation
- 2. Mirhashemi R, Ganjei-azar P, Nadji M et-al. Papillary squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix: an immunophenotypic appraisal of 12 cases. Gynecol. Oncol. 2003;90 (3): 657-61. Gynecol. Oncol. (link) - Pubmed citation
- 3. Kaur H, Silverman PM, Iyer RB et-al. Diagnosis, staging, and surveillance of cervical carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003;180 (6): 1621-31. AJR Am J Roentgenol (full text) - Pubmed citation