Testicular dislocation

Dr Henry Knipe and Dr Hamish Smith et al.

Testicular dislocation is a rare condition in which a testicle is dislocated from its normal position within the scrotum to another location, most commonly the superficial inguinal pouch.

The condition mainly occurs in younger men with a mean age of 25 years 2.

Pain is usually present 1. On examination, an empty hemiscrotum can be palpated 1

Motorcycle accidents are the most common cause (80%) 2. Blunt force to the testicle can rupture the fascia of the spermatic cord and force the testicle out of the scrotum. Unilateral or bilateral dislocation are equally common 2.

The sites of dislocation in descending prevalence include 2:

  • the superficial inguinal pouch (50%)
  • pubic
  • penile
  • inguinal canal
  • intra-abdominal
  • perineal

Findings include 1:

  • an absence of one or both testicles in the scrotum
  • an extra-scrotal testicle (most commonly in the superficial inguinal pouch)

Doppler ultrasound can also be used to define blood flow in the testis.

The role of CT in testicular dislocation can be confirmation of an abdominally dislocated testicle and to also delineate the extent of the causative traumatic injury 2.

Manual reduction can be attempted but is only successful in 15% of cases 3.  Surgical treatment in addition to being more successful also allows torsion to be corrected if present 3. Fertility may be affected and a heightened risk of testicular malignancy can occur if the testicle is not reduced for a prolonged period 2.

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Article information

rID: 60656
Tag: cases
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:
  • Testicular dislocation
  • Dislocated testicle
  • Traumatically dislocated testicle

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