Umbilicus

Dr Craig Hacking et al.

The umbilicus is the fibrous remnant of the foetal attachment of the umbilical cord after birth. All layers of the anterior abdominal wall fuse at the umbilical ring, a small round defect in the linea alba located just inferior to the midpoint between the xiphoid process of the sternum and the pubic symphysis. The overlying skin is adherent to the umbilicus, causing a depression that is more accentuated with greater body mass.

The fibrous cicatrix is a fusion of several peritoneal and fibrous structures including the:

The umbilicus in the foetus transmits the umbilical arteries, umbilical vein, urachus
and the vitelline duct (in the first trimester). It closes a few days after birth and involutes.

Anatomy: Abdominopelvic
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Article information

rID: 67562
Section: Anatomy
Synonyms or Alternate Spellings:

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