What is the definition of a Phthisis bulbi?
Phthisis bulbi represents an end-stage eye disease, which manifests by an anatomically disfigured and shrunken globe with ocular calcification or ossification.
What are the causes of the phthisis bulbi?
This condition results from various causes that may include inflammation, infection, chronic retinal detachment, trauma, complications from surgery, malignancy, and vascular disease.
What are the most common symptoms of patients with this disease?
The most common symptoms are loss of vision, intraocular irritation, pain, swelling in and around the eye.
What does CT imaging reveal in a phthisical eye?
CT scan of the eye reveals an irregular, scarred shrunken globe, and dense internal calcification.
Which is the best strategy for the treatment of a phthisical eye?
Early treatment of the causative etiology is the best strategy to avoid an eye from going into phthisis. A phthisical eye has no visual potential, and therapeutical approaches are limited to cosmetic treatment or symptomatic relief of pain.
MRI reveals a heterogeneous small, shrunken, calcified, deformed and irregularly shaped left globe, with enophthalmos - this is the end-stage of a degenerative globe (phthisis bulbi).