Benign thyroid lesions

Case contributed by Dr Garth Kruger

Presentation

A firefighter presents with a mass in the right lobe of his thyroid on clinical exam

Patient Data

Age: 60 years
Gender: Male
Ultrasound

The 4 cm lesion is solid, well defined and smoothly circumscribed with no microcalcifications. The lesion contains innumerable small cysts

Ultrasound

Once again a similar appearance as the larger palpable lesion. Multiple very small cysts. The second image shows the needle passage during FNA.

Case Discussion

Thyroid lesions showing multitudes of small cysts are always benign follicular lesions. This patient insisted on FNA due to a positive family history. In a series of 1100  biopsy proven thyroid FNAs at our institution, not one lesion showing this appearance was positive for malignancy.

Lesions that are clearly defined with no microcalcifications and a clear interface between the lesion and the parenchyma ("halo") can be followed up safely with ultrasound. generally, lesions that enlarge should be sampled.

Thyroid lesions are best appreciated and evaluated in real-time ultrasound. Especially, the loss of border definition can be limited to a certain part of the lesion and does not necessarily appear on the static images. In this respect, thyroid and breast ultrasound are similar: real-time review is indicated in complex lesions.

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Case information

rID: 21887
Published: 24th Feb 2013
Last edited: 7th Nov 2018
System: Head & Neck
Inclusion in quiz mode: Included

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