Intertrochanteric fracture of the femur
Citation, DOI & case data
Fall from standing height. Shortening and external rotation of the left lower extremity upon physical examination.
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Radiograph revealed an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur.
The shaft is medially displaced with the neck beak impacted into it, both the lesser and the greater trochanters are fractured. This characterizes a Tronzo type III variant fracture.
Proximal femoral fractures are commonly classified regarding their location into 4 types: femoral head, femoral neck, intertrochanteric and subtrochanteric.
The present case represents an intertrochanteric fracture, usually associated with osteoporosis.
Femoral neck and intertrochanteric fractures are more common.