Talar osteochondral defect

Case contributed by Dr Matt A. Morgan

Presentation

Tripped and fell down steps, landed on left foot with a twisting motion. Barely weight-bearing. Tenderness to palpation over the left dorsal foot and left lateral malleolus. Reduced range of motion with dorsiflexion/plantar flexion and internal/external rotation of the left foot.

Patient Data

Age: 25 years old
Gender: Male
X-ray

Osteochondral fracture of the medial talar dome with displacement of the fracture fragment into the anterior joint space. The fracture is basically invisible on the frontal view, but an ovoid lucency can be seen over the medial talar dome on the oblique view and the fracture fragment is obvious on the lateral view.

Annotated image

Red circle around the oval lucency on the oblique view, showing the fracture site.

Red circle around the fracture fragment on the lateral view (fragment arose from the talar dome). The fragment is located in the anterior joint space.

Case Discussion

Osteochondral defects/fractures can be nearly invisible on some radiographic projections of a joint, which is why "one view is no view"

These fractures also run a spectrum from a purely cartilaginous injury that can only be seen on MRI (type I) to this type of injury (type IV), in which the fragment is markedly displaced.

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Case information

rID: 61263
Published: 25th Jun 2018
Last edited: 26th Jun 2018
Inclusion in quiz mode: Excluded
Institution: University of Pennsylvania

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