What are some complications of vertebroplasty with PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate) cement?
(1) Cement pulmonary embolism (5-25%). (2) Cardiac perforation. Requiring surgery. (3) Spinal cord involvement from epidural veins, spinal cord involvement, disc involvement requiring spinal surgery.
2 high density structures in the right upper lobe is likely cement based on the cement in the paravertebral veins also.Cement leak into the paravertebral veins can lead to pulmonary cement embolism.
- CT (MIP):