Complex congenital heart disease: complete AV canal, L-TGA, pulmonary atresia with multiple MAPCAs & total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD)


A case of complex congenital heart disease showing complete AV canal, L-TGA and pulmonary atresia with:

  • Total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage into a confluent chamber draining directly into the proximal part of the superior vena cava (supracardiac type).
  • Small sized main pulmonary artery and branches; multiple MAPCAs supplying both lungs.
  • Abnormal coronary anatomy.

The case is courtesy of Dr. Sarah Moharem-Elgamal, CBBCT & Dr. Mohammed A. ElBeialy, FRCR, MD.