What symptoms arise from a horseshoe kidney?
Horseshoe kidneys are, in themselves, asymptomatic and thus they are usually identified incidentally.
What complications can occur with a horseshoe kidney?
Hhydronephrosis due to pelviureteric junction obstruction, infection and pyeloureteritis cystica, renal calculi, increased incidence of malignancy, Wilms tumor, transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), increased susceptibility to trauma
While no CT morphologic correlate for the patient's abdominal pain was found, you can nicely see her (previously unknown) horseshoe kidney.