Items tagged “adrenal gland”

22 results found
Article

Neuroblastoma

Neuroblastomas are tumors of neuroblastic origin. Although they may occur anywhere along the sympathetic chain, the vast majority arise from the adrenal gland. They represent the most common extracranial solid childhood malignancy and are the third commonest childhood tumor after leukemia and b...
Case

Adrenal cortical carcinoma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Natalie Yang
Published 16 Aug 2009
59% complete
CT
Case

Adrenal myelolipoma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Natalie Yang
Published 16 Aug 2009
70% complete
CTMRI
Article

Adrenal lesions (differential)

Adrenal lesions cover a broad spectrum from benign to neoplastic entities. Due to increased use of cross-sectional imaging they are frequently detected as incidental lesions (incidentalomas). If found incidentally, please refer to the Management of Incidental Adrenal Masses: American College of ...
Article

Neuroblastoma vs Wilms tumor

Both neuroblastoma and Wilms tumor occur in early childhood and typically present as large abdominal masses closely related to the kidneys. Distinguishing between the two is important, and a number of features are helpful. Neuroblastoma calcification very common: 90% encases vascular structur...
Article

Congenital neuroblastoma

Congenital neuroblastoma is defined as neuroblastoma identified within a month of birth, and is divided into: fetal neuroblastoma neonatal neuroblastoma In most cases they present as stage 1, 2 or 4S (see neuroblastoma staging). Fetal neuroblastoma In 90% of cases fetal neuroblastomas arise...
Article

Pheochromocytoma

Pheochromocytomas are an uncommon tumor of the adrenal gland, with characteristic clinical, and to a lesser degree, imaging features. The tumors are said to follow a 10% rule: ~10% are extra-adrenal ~10% are bilateral ~10% are malignant ~10% are found in children ~10% are familial ~10% are...
Case

Neonatal neuroblastoma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 30 Apr 2010
65% complete
UltrasoundX-rayCT
Case

Adrenal adenoma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 28 Jun 2010
80% complete
CT
Article

Adrenal cortical carcinoma

Primary adrenal cortical carcinoma is a highly malignant but rare neoplasm. It may present as a hormonally active or an inactive tumor.  Epidemiology Although men and women are affected equally, functioning tumors are more common in females, who are also more likely to have an associated endoc...
Article

Adrenal gland tumors

Despite its small size, the adrenal gland is affected by a relatively large number of neoplastic entities: adrenal adenoma adrenal myelolipoma adrenal cortical carcinoma adrenal pheochromocytoma adrenal neuroblastoma adrenal metastases See also adrenal lesions: for a more general list of...
Case

Pheochromocytoma (gross pathology)

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 25 Sep 2010
44% complete
Pathology
Article

Primary pigmented nodular adrenal dysplasia

Primary pigmented nodular adrenal dysplasia (PPNAD) is a rare benign adrenal condition characterized by ACTH-independent autonomous hypersecretion of cortisol, leading to Cushing syndrome.  Epidemiology PPNAD is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, which has yet to be confidently mapped. ...
Case

Primary pigmented nodular adrenal dysplasia (gross pathology)

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 29 Sep 2010
41% complete
Pathology
Case

Adrenal hemangioma

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 11 Oct 2010
92% complete
CT
Article

Adrenal hemangioma

Adrenal hemangiomas are rare benign tumors that are usually incidentally identified (one example of an adrenal incidentaloma). Its significance mainly relates to the difficulty in differentiation from other malignant lesions.  Epidemiology Although these can be found at any age, they are most ...
Case

Adrenocortical carcinoma

 Diagnosis probable
Radswiki
Published 20 Oct 2010
25% complete
Article

Adrenal gland

The adrenal (suprarenal) glands are paired organs of the endocrine system, often asymmetric in shape.  Gross anatomy Each gland is enclosed in the perirenal fascia and each has a body and two limbs: a medial limb and a lateral limb. However, the right adrenal gland is usually more pyramidal in...
Case

Pheochromocytoma (pathology)

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Andrew Ryan
Published 16 Apr 2013
79% complete
Pathology
Article

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a form of adrenal hyperplasia related to a variety of autosomal recessive disorders in adrenal steroidogenesis; characterized by low cortisol, low aldosterone, and androgen excess.  Clinical presentation virilization/genital ambiguity of female fetuses (...

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