Items tagged “cancer”

37 results found
Article

Esophageal carcinoma

Esophageal carcinoma is relatively uncommon. It tends to present with increasing dysphagia, initially to solids and progressing to liquids as the tumor increases in size, obstructing the lumen of the esophagus. Epidemiology Esophageal cancer is responsible for <1% of all cancers and 4-10% of a...
Article

2005 WHO histological classification of odontogenic tumors

The 2005 WHO histological classification of odontogenic tumors lays out a classification system for neoplasms and other tumors related to the odontogenic apparatus. At the time of writing (2016), it is still the most widely used classification system although a new revision is due to come up in ...
Case

Apical post-radiotheraphy change

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 23 Aug 2009
72% complete
X-ray
Case

Canon-ball pulmonary mets from breast cancer

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 23 Aug 2009
63% complete
X-ray
Case

Left upper zone metastasis

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 24 Oct 2009
41% complete
X-ray
Case

Esophageal stent

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Jeremy Jones
Published 01 Mar 2010
50% complete
X-ray
Article

FIGO staging system

The FIGO staging systems are determined by the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d’Obstétrique). In general, there are five stages: stage 0: carcinoma in situ (common in cervical, vaginal, and vulval cancer) stage I: confined to...
Article

Gleason score and Grade Group

The histological grading of prostate cancer has undergone many revisions requiring careful distinction between the terms Gleason grade, Gleason score and Grade Group. The Gleason grade, originally described in 1974, describes the histologic pattern of gland arrangement 2.   Gleason grade patter...
Article

Testicular cancer

Testicular cancers are the most common neoplasm in men between the ages of 20 and 34 years. Epidemiology Testicular cancer is uncommon, accounting for less than 1% of all internal organ malignancies 2. The demographics of affected individuals depends on the age of the histology of the tumor. ...
Article

Metastases to testis

Metastases to testis are a very rare cause of a testicular mass and may be bilateral in up to 15% of patients.  Epidemiology Metastases to the testes are apparent in ~0.04% of autopsy studies in patients with known malignancy. The average age is 57 years, much older than the primary age for pr...
Article

Cancer staging list

Cancer staging involves a number of systems to help direct treatment and aid prognosis. The AJCC TNM staging schema is the most common, but other systems are used for specific malignancies or body parts. Breast breast cancer staging Chest lung cancer staging malignant pleural mesothelioma s...
Case

Scleroderma with esophageal cancer and peptic stricture

Scleroderma with ...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Andrew Dixon
Published 31 May 2010
79% complete
Barium
Case

Sigmoid colon adenocarcinoma

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 08 Jun 2010
77% complete
CT
Case

Renal cell carcinoma with metastases

Pancreatic Metast...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 08 Jun 2010
74% complete
CT
Case

Gastric adenocarcinoma: moderately differentiated

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 12 Sep 2010
67% complete
Nuclear medicineCT
Case

Diffuse bone metastases - prostate cancer

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 15 Nov 2010
50% complete
Nuclear medicineX-rayCT
Case

Esophageal adenocarcinoma

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 02 Feb 2011
80% complete
FluoroscopyCT
Article

Sister Mary Joseph nodule

A Sister Mary Joseph nodule is a metastatic lesion involving the umbilicus. The most common primary source is an intra-abdominal adenocarcinoma. Epidemiology Umbilical metastases are uncommon, reportedly present in 1-3% of all intra-abdominal and/or pelvic malignancy 7. Clinical presentation ...
Case

Papillary thyroid carcinoma: recurrence

Negative I131 WB ...
 Diagnosis certain
Dr Hani Salam
Published 20 Feb 2011
77% complete
Nuclear medicineCT
Article

Lymphangitic carcinomatosis (mnemonic)

A mnemonic for the causes of lymphangitic carcinomatosis is: Certain Cancers Spread By Plugging The Lymphatics Mnemonic C: cervix C: colon S: stomach B: breast P: prostate and pancreas T: thyroid L: larynx and lung

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