Items tagged “dental”

84 results found
Article

Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor

Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT), also known as a Pindborg tumor, (previously has been called adenoid adamintoblastoma, unusual ameloblastoma and cystic odontoma) is typically located in the premolar and molar region of the mandible, although up to a third are found in the maxilla....
Article

Cementoblastoma

Cementoblastomas are one of many mandibular lesions is a rare tumor of the cementum, with only approximately 100 cases reported. The key to diagnosis, both radiologically and histologically, is an attachment to the tooth root.  Terminology Cementoblastomas have been previously described in the...
Article

Cherubism

Cherubism has historically been considered a variant of fibrous dysplasia, but in reality is likely a distinct entity.  Epidemiology Cherubism is a rare disorder and the precise incidence is unknown. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern 2 and has variable penetrance, with onset in ...
Article

Dentigerous cyst

Dentigerous cysts, also called follicular cysts, are slow growing benign and non-inflammatory odontogenic cysts that are thought to be developmental in origin. On imaging, they usually present as a well-defined and unilocular radiolucency surrounding the crown of an unerupted or impacted tooth ...
Article

Radiolucent lesions of the mandible (differential)

Lucent lesions of the mandible are not uncommon and may be the result of odontogenic or non-odontogenic processes. Lucency may be conferred by a cystic process (e.g. periapical cyst) or a lytic process (e.g. mandibular metastases). Pathology Etiology Odontogenic periapical (radicular) cyst (...
Article

Mandibular lesions

Mandibular lesions are myriad and common. The presence of teeth results in lesions that are specific to the mandible (and maxilla) and a useful classification that defines them as odontogenic or non-odontogenic. While it may often not be possible to make a diagnosis on imaging alone, this classi...
Article

Odontogenic keratocyst

Odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), previously known as keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT or KOT), are benign cystic lesions involving the mandible or maxilla and are believed to arise from dental lamina. Whether these lesions are developmental or neoplastic is controversial, with the 2017 WHO cl...
Article

Odontogenic myxoma

Odontogenic myxomas are rare tumors that involve the mandible or maxilla and account for 3-6% of odontogenic tumors 2. Epidemiology Typically seen in the 2nd to 3rd decades of life (slightly earlier than ameloblastomas). They are usually not painful. Pathology Arises from mesenchymal odontog...
Article

Odontoma

Odontomas are one of the most common of mandibular lesions encountered and the most common odontogenic tumors of the mandible. They account for up to two-thirds of all such tumors; the next most common are ameloblastomas, making up the majority of the remaining one-third. Epidemiology They can...
Article

Periapical cyst

Periapical cysts, also known as radicular cysts, are the most frequent cystic lesion related to teeth (see mandibular lesions) and result from infection of the tooth. On imaging, they generally appear as a round- or pear-shaped, unilocular, lucent lesion in the periapical region, measuring <1 c...
Article

Residual cyst of the mandible

A residual cyst is a basket term referring to any residual cystic space post surgery. It is most frequently seen as a remnant of a periapical cyst.
Article

Sialolithiasis

Sialolithiasis refers to the formation of calculi (sialoliths) inside the ducts or parenchyma of salivary glands and most commonly occurs in the submandibular glands and their ducts. Epidemiology Sialolithiasis is the most common disease of salivary glands, accounting for approximately 50% of ...
Article

Stafne cyst

Stafne bone cavities, also known as Stafne bone cyst, static bone cavity of the mandible, or lingual salivary gland inclusion defect, are cortical defects near the angle of the mandible below the mandibular canal. It is usually an incidental finding and represents a depression in the medial aspe...
Article

2005 WHO histological classification of odontogenic tumors

The 2005 WHO histological classification of odontogenic tumors lays out a classification system for neoplasms and other tumors related to the odontogenic apparatus. At the time of writing (2016), it is still the most widely used classification system although a new revision is due to come up in ...
Case

Fractured mandible

OPG
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 May 2008
69% complete
X-ray
Case

Ameloblastoma - maxilla

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 Jul 2008
92% complete
CT
Case

Dentigerous cyst

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 13 Sep 2008
65% complete
CT
Case

Periapical abscess

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 28 Oct 2008
39% complete
CT
Case

Tongue stud

 Diagnosis not applicable
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 01 Jan 2009
59% complete
CT
Article

Mandibular fracture

Mandibular fractures are relatively common especially among young men. Although traditionally the mandible and base of skull are thought to form a complete bony ring, interrupted only by the TMJs. This should mean that the mandible should fracture in two places (akin to the bony pelvis) making s...

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