Items tagged “eponymous”

20 results found
Article

Colles fracture

Colles fractures are very common extra-articular fractures of the distal radius that occur as the result of a fall onto an outstretched hand. They consist of a fracture of the distal radial metaphyseal region with dorsal angulation and impaction, but without the involvement of the articular surf...
Article

Haglund syndrome

Haglund syndrome refers to the triad (Haglund triad) of: insertional Achilles tendinopathy retrocalcaneal bursitis Haglund deformity (i.e. posterosuperior calcaneal exostosis) This results in pain at the back of the heel. It is associated with calcaneal spurs, and the wearing of high heels (...
Article

Monteggia fracture-dislocation

Monteggia fracture-dislocations consist of a fracture of the ulnar shaft with concomitant dislocation of the radial head. The ulnar fracture is usually obvious, whereas the radial head dislocation can be overlooked, with potentially serious functional and medico-legal ramifications.  Mechanism ...
Article

Roberts syndrome

Roberts syndrome, also known as Roberts-SC phocomelia syndrome, pseudothalidomide syndrome, or Appelt-Gerken-Lenz syndrome, is a rare congenital malformation syndrome. Clinical presentation general intrauterine growth restriction postnatal growth retardation failure to thrive thrombocytope...
Article

Wilms tumor

Wilms tumor, also known as nephroblastoma, is a malignant pediatric renal tumor. Epidemiology Wilms tumors are the most common pediatric renal mass, accounting for over 85% of cases 1,8 and accounts for 6% of all childhood cancers 2. It typically occurs in early childhood (1-11 years) with pea...
Article

Kienböck disease

Kienböck disease is the eponymous name given to osteonecrosis involving the lunate. It is often referred to as lunatomalacia.  Epidemiology The age distribution for Kienbock disease depends on gender. The condition is most common within the dominant wrist of young adult men where it appears to...
Case

Galeazzi fracture

 Diagnosis certain
Dr Alexandra Stanislavsky
Published 04 Oct 2010
97% complete
X-ray
Article

Chauveaux–Liet angle

The Chauveaux–Liet angle (CL angle) is represented by the difference between the angle of verticalization (α) and morphologic angle (β) of the calcaneus (CL angle = α − β). Angle α is the calcaneal pitch angle or angle of verticalization of calcaneus described as the intersection of the baselin...
Case

Colles fracture

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Nov 2010
94% complete
X-ray
Article

Eloesser flap

Eloesser flap is a single stage procedure for the treatment of severe pleural empyema, and involves a U-shaped incision and the resection of a number of subjacent posterolateral ribs. The U-shaped flap is then folded into the pleural space creating a permanent communication.  Unlike the Clagett...
Article

Paget disease (disambiguation)

Paget disease can refer to:  Paget disease of bone Paget disease of breast extramammary Paget disease History and etymology These conditions are named after Sir James Paget (1814-1899) 1,2, British surgeon and pathologist. 
Article

F. P. Weber syndrome

F. P. Weber syndrome (FPWS) is a traditional eponymous denomination of a certain type of angiodysplasia, that would nowadays rather be called a mixed hemolymphatic congenital vascular malformation (CVM) with arteriovenous (AV) shunting, based on the Hamburg classification of CVMs. In his origin...
Article

Mauclaire disease

Mauclaire disease, also known as Dietrich disease, is a rare disease and refers to osteonecrosis of the metacarpal heads, which usually appears between ages of 13 and 18 years 1,2. This condition may lead to early closure of epiphyseal growth plate and growth disturbance of the involved finger. ...
Article

Ortner syndrome

Ortner syndrome, also known as cardiovocal syndrome, is characterized by hoarse voice resulting from left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy secondary to a cardiovascular disorder. Pathology Left recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy in this condition is due to traction or compression of the nerve betw...
Article

Poliomyelitis

Poliomyelitis, more commonly known as just polio, (and in the older literature, Heine-Medin disease) is a once common but now rare disease resulting from infection by the poliovirus. Most infected individuals develop no or non-serious symptoms as a result of the infection, but ~1% will develop l...
Article

Calot triangle

Calot triangle is a small (potential) triangular space at the porta hepatis of surgical importance as it is dissected during cholecystectomy. Its contents, the cystic artery and cystic duct must be identified before ligation and division to avoid damaging them during the operation. Gross anatom...
Article

Schneiderian epithelium

Schneiderian epithelium/membrane is the unique lining of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses, and is an ectodermally derived ciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells. It differs from the similarly appearing respiratory epithelium, which is endodermally derived.  History and etymology ...
Article

Hip (Dunn view)

The Dunn view is a radiographic projection of the hip that demonstrates and examines the hip joint, femoral head, acetabulum, and particularly the relationship of the femoral head and acetabulum. The Dunn view is the preferred projection to aid and diagnose femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) du...
Article

Sven-Ivar Seldinger

Sven-Ivar Seldinger (1921-1998) is primarily remembered for the invention of his revolutionary eponymous technique.  Early life Sven-Ivar Seldinger was born in Mora, Dalarna, Sweden on 19th April 1921 5. He attended medical school at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm graduating in 1948. Hi...
Article

Charles Thurstan Holland

Charles Thurstan Holland (1863-1941) was a pioneering radiologist who played a pivotal role in establishing radiology as a specialty in its own right. Early life Charles Thurstan Holland was born in Bridgwater, Somerset on March 7th, 1863. He studied medicine at University College Hospital...

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