Items tagged “knee”

440 results found
Article

Cyclops lesion (knee)

The cyclops lesion, also known as localized anterior arthrofibrosis, is a painful anterior knee mass that arises as a complication of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, although has rarely been reported in patients with ACL injuries that have not been reconstructed.  Epidemiology ...
Article

Cyclops lesion (knee)

The cyclops lesion, also known as localized anterior arthrofibrosis, is a painful anterior knee mass that arises as a complication of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, although has rarely been reported in patients with ACL injuries that have not been reconstructed.  Epidemiology ...
Article

Discoid meniscus

Discoid menisci are those that have a body that is too wide, usually affecting the lateral meniscus. They are incidentally found in 3-5% of knee MRI examinations.  Epidemiology Discoid menisci are congenital, frequently bilateral (up to 50%) and have been reported in twins, although no genetic...
Article

Double PCL sign

The double PCL sign appears on sagittal MRI images of the knee when a bucket-handle meniscal tear (medial meniscus in 80% of cases) flips towards the center of the joint so that it comes to lie anteroinferior to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) mimicking a second smaller PCL. A double PCL ...
Article

Double PCL sign

The double PCL sign appears on sagittal MRI images of the knee when a bucket-handle meniscal tear (medial meniscus in 80% of cases) flips towards the center of the joint so that it comes to lie anteroinferior to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) mimicking a second smaller PCL. A double PCL ...
Article

Extensor mechanism of the knee injuries

Extensor mechanism of the knee injuries include: quadriceps muscle tears quadriceps tendon rupture patellar tendon rupture patella fracture patellar dislocation often with medial retinaculum tears patellar sleeve fractures Chronic injuries Osgood-Schlatter disease Sinding-Larsen-Johans...
Article

Lipohemarthrosis

Lipohemarthrosis results from an intra-articular fracture with escape of fat and blood from the bone marrow into the joint, and is most frequently seen in the knee, associated with a tibial plateau fracture or distal femoral fracture; rarely a patellar fracture. They have also been described in ...
Article

Lipohemarthrosis

Lipohemarthrosis results from an intra-articular fracture with escape of fat and blood from the bone marrow into the joint, and is most frequently seen in the knee, associated with a tibial plateau fracture or distal femoral fracture; rarely a patellar fracture. They have also been described in ...
Article

Insall-Salvati ratio

The Insall-Salvati ratio or index is the ratio of the patella tendon length to the length of the patella and is used to determine patellar height.  Usage The Insall-Salvati ratio is probably the most commonly used measurement to assess patellar height. It is affected by the presence of tibial ...
Article

Insall-Salvati ratio

The Insall-Salvati ratio or index is the ratio of the patella tendon length to the length of the patella and is used to determine patellar height.  Usage The Insall-Salvati ratio is probably the most commonly used measurement to assess patellar height. It is affected by the presence of tibial ...
Article

Meniscal flounce

Meniscal flounces refer to the "ruffled" appearance of the inner margin of knee menisci. They were initially thought to be only an arthroscopic finding, as a result of joint distension and anesthetic muscle relaxants but they are occasionally seen on MRI.  Epidemiology Meniscal flounces are un...
Article

O'Donoghue unhappy triad

O'Donoghue unhappy triad or terrible triad often occurs in contact and non-contact sports, such as basketball, football, or rugby, when there is a lateral force applied to the knee while the foot is fixated on the ground. This produces an abduction-external rotation mechanism of injury ("pivot s...
Article

O'Donoghue unhappy triad

O'Donoghue unhappy triad or terrible triad often occurs in contact and non-contact sports, such as basketball, football, or rugby, when there is a lateral force applied to the knee while the foot is fixated on the ground. This produces an abduction-external rotation mechanism of injury ("pivot s...
Article

Osgood-Schlatter disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a chronic fatigue injury due to repeated microtrauma at the patellar ligament insertion onto the tibial tuberosity, usually affecting boys between ages 10-15 years. Epidemiology Osgood-Schlatter disease is seen in active adolescents, especially those who jump ...
Article

Osgood-Schlatter disease

Osgood-Schlatter disease (OSD) is a chronic fatigue injury due to repeated microtrauma at the patellar ligament insertion onto the tibial tuberosity, usually affecting boys between ages 10-15 years. Epidemiology Osgood-Schlatter disease is seen in active adolescents, especially those who jump ...
Article

Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) most commonly affects the knee. See osteochondritis dissecans article for a general discussion. Pathology Location The condition occurs bilaterally in 25% of cases, and has a characteristic distribution 2,4,6: medial condyle: ~78.5% (range 70-85%) "classic" l...
Article

Osteochondritis dissecans of the knee

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) most commonly affects the knee. See osteochondritis dissecans article for a general discussion. Pathology Location The condition occurs bilaterally in 25% of cases, and has a characteristic distribution 2,4,6: medial condyle: ~78.5% (range 70-85%) "classic" l...
Article

Popliteal artery aneurysm

Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most common peripheral arterial aneurysm and the second most common aneurysm after abdominal aortic aneurysms. Epidemiology Overall, popliteal artery aneurysms are uncommon. They occur almost exclusively in males (up to 97%) for unknown reasons 8-9. There is ...
Article

Popliteal artery aneurysm

Popliteal artery aneurysms are the most common peripheral arterial aneurysm and the second most common aneurysm after abdominal aortic aneurysms. Epidemiology Overall, popliteal artery aneurysms are uncommon. They occur almost exclusively in males (up to 97%) for unknown reasons 8-9. There is ...
Article

Quadriceps tendon

The quadriceps tendon is a thick tendon extending to the patella made up of contributions from all four quadriceps muscles. It classically has a trilaminar structure: superficial layer: rectus femoris middle layer: vastus medialis, vastus lateralis deep layer: vastus intermedius It continues...

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