Items tagged “oesophagus”

72 results found
Article

Achalasia

Achalasia (primary achalasia) is a failure of organized esophageal peristalsis causing impaired relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter, and resulting in food stasis and often marked dilatation of the esophagus.  Obstruction of the distal esophagus from other non-functional etiologies, not...
Article

Epidermolysis bullosa

Epidermolysis bullosa refers to a rare group of genetically determined conditions characterized by blistering of the skin. This can be limited to the soles and palms or extensive whole body involvement.  Radiographic features Gastrointestinal manifestations: limited to the mucosa of the gastr...
Article

Feline esophagus

Feline esophagus also known as esophageal shiver, refers to the transient transverse bands seen in the mid and lower esophagus on a double-contrast barium swallow. Pathology The appearance is almost always associated with active gastro-esophageal reflux 2,3 and is thought to be due to contract...
Article

Esophageal web

Esophageal webs refer to an esophageal constriction caused by a thin mucosal membrane projecting into the lumen. Epidemiology Esophageal webs tend to affect middle-aged females. Clinical presentation Patients are usually asymptomatic and the finding may be incidental and unimportant. However...
Article

Esophageal carcinoma

Esophageal carcinoma is relatively uncommon. It tends to present with increasing dysphagia, initially to solids and progressing to liquids as the tumor increases in size, obstructing the lumen of the esophagus. Epidemiology Esophageal cancer is responsible for <1% of all cancers and 4-10% of a...
Article

Esophageal and esophagogastric junction squamous cell carcinoma (staging)

Esophageal and esophagogastric junction squamous cell carcinoma staging refers to TNM staging of squamous cell carcinoma originating in the esophagus or esophagogastric junction (including tumors whose center is within the proximal 2 cm of the gastric cardia). Related histologies included in thi...
Article

Esophageal stricture

Esophageal strictures refer to any persistent intrinsic narrowing of the esophagus.  Pathology Etiology The most common causes are fibrosis induced by inflammatory and neoplastic processes. Because radiographic findings are not reliable in differentiating benign from malignant strictures, all...
Case

Feline esophagus

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 22 May 2008
75% complete
Barium
Article

Gastro-esophageal junction

The gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) (also known as the esophagogastric junction) is the part of the gastrointestinal tract where the esophagus and stomach are joined. Gross anatomy The GEJ is normally mostly intra-abdominal and is 3-4 cm in length. To some extent, the esophagus slides in and ...
Article

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a spectrum of disease that occurs when gastric acid refluxes from the stomach into the lower end of the esophagus across the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Clinical presentation Common clinical features in adults include epigastric and retrosternal...
Article

Schatzki ring

A Schatzki ring, also called Schatzki-Gary ring, is symptomatically narrow esophageal B-ring occurring in the distal esophagus and usually associated with a hiatus hernia.  Epidemiology Relatively common, lower esophageal rings are found in ~10% of oesophagrams.  Clinical presentation Most c...
Case

Achalasia

Achalasia
 Diagnosis probable
Dr Michael Sargent
Published 05 Apr 2009
60% complete
Fluoroscopy
Case

Coin in esophagus

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 22 Dec 2009
57% complete
X-ray
Case

Esophageal atresia

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 23 Dec 2009
91% complete
BariumX-ray
Case

Esophageal web

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Dec 2009
85% complete
Barium
Case

Achalasia

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 24 Dec 2009
79% complete
Barium
Case

Achalasia and tertiary waves

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 05 Jan 2010
69% complete
X-ray
Case

Corkscrew esophagus

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Jan 2010
91% complete
Barium
Case

Tracheo-esophageal fistula - H type

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 20 Jan 2010
85% complete
X-rayFluoroscopy
Article

Congenital tracheo-esophageal fistula

Congenital tracheo-esophageal fistula is a congenital pathological communication between the trachea and esophagus.   Epidemiology Tracheo-esophageal fistula and esophageal atresia have a combined incidence of approximately 1 in 3500 live births 1-3,5. There is only a minimal hereditary/geneti...

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