Items tagged “salivary glands”

13 results found
Article

Salivary gland tumors

Salivary gland tumors are variable in location, origin, and malignant potential.  Pathology In general, the ratio of benign to malignant tumors is proportional to the gland size; i.e. the parotid gland tends to have benign neoplasms, the submandibular gland 50:50, and the sublingual glands and...
Article

Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma

Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma is the most common of three malignant mixed tumors of salivary glands, and are thought to arise from pre-existing pleomorphic adenomas (or benign mixed tumors) 1. Epidemiology These tumors usually occur in older patients (6th to 8th decade), who have had a pleo...
Article

Malignant mixed tumors of salivary glands

Malignant mixed tumors of salivary glands, according to the WHO classification, comprise three tumors: carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma arises from pre-existing pleomorphic adenoma most common carcinosarcoma (true mixed tumor of the salivary glands) true malignant mixed tumor 99% also aris...
Article

Major salivary gland cancer (staging)

Major salivary gland cancer staging refers to TNM staging of malignant tumors of the major salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands). In contrast, tumors arising from minor salivary glands are staged according to their site of origin. The following article reflects the 8th ...
Article

Parotid gland

The parotid gland is the largest of the salivary glands and secretes saliva via the parotid duct into the oral cavity to facilitate mastication and swallowing. It is located in the parotid space.  Gross anatomy The parotid gland is wrapped around the mandibular ramus and extends to a position ...
Article

Parotid enlargement

Parotid enlargement (also known as parotidomegaly) has a wide differential given the significant breadth of pathology that can affect the parotid gland. These can be separated by the standard surgical sieve approach into infective, inflammatory, immune, neoplastic, infiltrative, and congenital c...
Article

Sialosis

Sialosis or sialadenosis refers to diffuse, non-inflammatory, non-neoplastic recurrent/persistent enlargement of the major salivary glands, caused by hypertrophy of the acinar components. Typically, the parotid gland is most affected, although submandibular gland enlargement is not uncommon. Pa...
Article

Salivary glands

The salivary glands within the head and neck secrete various enzymes useful for mastication and digestion. They can be divided into major and minor salivary glands: Major salivary glands The major salivary glands consist of the larger, paired salivary glands within the neck: parotid glands s...
Article

Submandibular gland

The submandibular glands (historically also known as the submaxillary glands) are paired salivary glands located behind and below the ramus of the mandible in the submandibular triangle. They secrete mixed serous and mucous saliva that is excreted into the oral cavity via the submandibular duct ...
Case

Submandibular duct stone

Submandibular duc...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 31 Dec 2010
38% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Sjögren syndrome

 Diagnosis probable
Brendan Cullinane
Published 02 Feb 2011
66% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Cystic parotid lesion

 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 05 Sep 2012
69% complete
Ultrasound
Case

Acute parotitis

Size asymmetry be...
 Diagnosis almost certain
Dr Maulik S Patel
Published 21 Feb 2014
79% complete
Ultrasound

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