Items tagged “trauma”

584 results found
Article

Acromioclavicular injury

Acromioclavicular joint injuries are characterized by damage to the acromioclavicular joint and surrounding structures. Almost invariably traumatic in etiology, they range in severity from a mild sprain to complete disruption. Clinical presentation Acromioclavicular joint injuries usually occu...
Article

Orbital blowout fracture

Orbital blowout fractures occur when there is a fracture of one of the walls of orbit but the orbital rim remains intact. This is typically caused by a direct blow to the central orbit from a fist or ball. Epidemiology The blowout fracture is the most common type of orbital fracture and is usu...
Article

Mayfield classification of carpal instability (perilunate instability)

Mayfield classification of carpal instability, also known as perilunate instability classification (carpal dislocations), describes carpal ligament injuries.  Instability has been divided into four stages 1-2: stage I: scapholunate dissociation (rotatory subluxation of the scaphoid) disruptio...
Article

Coracoclavicular ligament injury

Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament injury is common with shoulder trauma. It is considered part of the spectrum of acromioclavicular joint injuries 2 and is not often an isolated injury. It is also often injured with clavicular fractures.  This injury is easy to miss, especially with presence of an...
Article

Duodenal hematoma

Duodenal hematoma results in hematoma formation in the duodenal wall. It may occur as a result of blunt abdominal trauma, non-accidental injury to children and spontaneously in anti-coagulated patients. Distinction must be made from duodenal perforation since the latter will require immediate s...
Article

Extradural hemorrhage

Extradural hematoma (EDH), also known as an epidural hematoma, is a collection of blood that forms between the inner surface of the skull and outer layer of the dura, which is called the endosteal layer. They are usually associated with a history of head trauma and frequently associated skull fr...
Article

Lipohemarthrosis

Lipohemarthrosis results from an intra-articular fracture with escape of fat and blood from the bone marrow into the joint, and is most frequently seen in the knee, associated with a tibial plateau fracture or distal femoral fracture; rarely a patellar fracture. They have also been described in ...
Article

AAST liver injury scale

The AAST (American Association for the Surgery of Trauma) liver injury scale, most recently revised in 2018, is the most widely used liver injury grading system 3. The 2018 update incorporates "vascular injury" (i.e. pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula) into the imaging criteria for visceral ...
Article

AAST kidney injury scale

The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) renal injury scale, most recently updated in 2018, is the most widely used grading system for renal trauma. The 2018 update incorporates "vascular injury" (i.e. pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula) into the imaging criteria for viscera...
Article

Thoracic aortic injury

Thoracic aortic injury is the most common type of traumatic aortic injury and is a critical life-threatening, and often life ending event.  Clinical presentation Approximately 80% of patients with thoracic aortic injury die at the scene of the trauma. In those who make it to hospital, clinical...
Case

Elbow joint effusion (sail sign)

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 07 May 2008
80% complete
X-rayCT
Case

Gunshot wound to humerus

Gsw
 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 20 May 2008
75% complete
X-ray
Case

Fracture dislocation of middle finger

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 May 2008
85% complete
X-ray
Case

Frontal scalp laceration

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 21 Jun 2008
65% complete
MRI
Case

Caroticocavernous fistula (direct)

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 10 Jul 2008
69% complete
DSA (angiography)
Case

Spinal fracture dislocation - L1

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 12 Sep 2008
75% complete
MRICT
Case

Complete disc and ligamentous disruption

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 19 Sep 2008
59% complete
CT
Article

Cerebral ring enhancing lesions (mnemonic)

Convenient mnemonics for the causes of cerebral ring enhancing lesions are: MAGIC DR or DR MAGIC DR MAGIC L MAGICAL DR Mnemonics MAGIC DR or DR MAGIC M: metastasis A: abscess G: glioblastoma I: infarct (subacute phase), inflammatory - neurocysticercosis (NCC), tuberculoma C: contusion ...
Case

Gunshot wound to head

 Diagnosis certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 26 Nov 2008
62% complete
CT
Case

Diffuse axonal injury

 Diagnosis almost certain
A.Prof Frank Gaillard
Published 18 Dec 2008
74% complete
MRI

Updating… Please wait.

 Unable to process the form. Check for errors and try again.

 Thank you for updating your details.